10 Scientifically Proven Benefits of Hiking for Pectus Excavatum: Ultimate 2022 Guide

Evidence Based This post has medical citations

The first time I realized I had shortness of breath was when I was hiking on the trails of Markovi Kuli in my hometown in Prilep. I later realized my lack of endurance was primarily caused by pectus excavatum.

Most of my friends had no problem climbing the steep trails, even though we were all in similar shape. I always dreaded long-distance running and endurance sports like swimming.

I played basketball, and my sunken chest didn’t affect my breathing, mainly because it is a short-interval intense sport, where you sprint for a few seconds, then rest, and repeat. 

I always had trouble going uphill. My heart was constantly racing, and I dreaded every single second imaginable. 

10 proven Benefits of Hiking

Even though I wouldn’t say I liked hiking at first, I later felt the many benefits it offers for people with pectus excavatum. I decided to search whether the benefits are scientifically proven or just a placebo.

The discovery was terrific, and I will share the top ten scientifically-proven benefits of hiking for everybody, especially people with sunken chests.

1. It makes you a Happier Person

The most significant benefit I get from regular hiking is making me a happier person. I find peace in every hiking I do, usually in the morning.

It helps me maintain and strengthen my mental health, which is as important as taking care of my physique and improving my pectus excavatum.

The psychological aspect of pectus excavatum is often neglected. It affects most people with deformities, especially those who think their chest is more sunken. 

There was a voluntary collaborative in West Virginia, created by Dr. Mark Cucuzella, to encourage outdoor physical activities such as hiking for a regional middle school.

The creative part is that the students learn about health, fitness, nature, and local history while hiking in the local parks in the area during school hours. The study resulted in two hundred students’ increased happiness, concentration, and willingness to continue hiking outside of school hours.

2. Improves Creativity

2012 study published by psychologists from the University of Utah and University of Kansas showed 50% improvement in creativity in just four days for people who went hiking and interacted with nature, free of electronic devices. 

David Strayer, the co-founder of the study, said that you could reverse the adverse effects of a sedentary lifestyle by taking a hike in nature. 

Experts always said that having a positive relationship and being in nature more often is very healthy for your mental and physical well-being. Scientists didn’t confirm those claims scientifically until these recent studies were done. 

3. Hiking and Stress

Most people with pectus excavatum experience image dissatisfaction and lowered self-confidence. Body image can affect mental well-being negatively. A study has stated that negative attitudes and feelings toward body image can influence suicidal ideation than depression and hopelessness.

study by J Strum, published in 2012, has documented the emotional benefits of mountain hiking and spending time in nature, such as reducing distress, depression, and suicidal intentions. 

4. Minimizes Risk of Heart Disease

According to Mayo Clinic, severe pectus excavatum can hinder the function of the heart and lungs. If the indentation is severe, it can cause heart compression or displacement over one side, reducing its ability to pump blood more effectively.

This can cause exercise intolerance, shortness of breathing, increased heart rate, and heart pain. If your doctor diagnoses you with heart and lung hindering, make sure you get the doctor’s approval before you go hiking.

If you’re cleared for hiking, make sure to take advantage of it as it is fantastic for your heart health. 

Just like walking, hiking is an excellent cardiovascular activity, mainly if it includes mountain trails. This will make your heart work harder, resulting in lowering the risk of heart disease.

5. Improve Bone Density

1994 study discovered whether walking, independent of other physical activities, helped increase bone density and bone loss from the entire body. The study concluded that women who walk more than 7.5 miles a week had more bone density throughout their bodies than females walking less than 1 mile a week.

It proved that if you walk for at least a mile each day, you will have higher bone density throughout the body. Walking is highly beneficial in slowing the rate of bone loss.

It has been reported that people with osteogenesis imperfecta (a genetic condition that stops the body from developing solid bones) can have pectus excavatum or carinatum deformities.

The severe cases of patients with osteogenesis imperfecta and sunken chest have a Nuss procedure because the risk of bone fracture increases.

Because of that, they are given bisphosphonate therapy to increase bone mineral density. After that, they can undergo surgery two or three years after improved bone density. 

Even if you don’t have osteogenesis imperfecta but suffer from pectus excavatum, it is always a good idea to keep your bone density high. You will have better success improving your condition without surgery, using a vacuum bell, rib flare compression braces, exercising, etc.

That is why walking and, even better, hiking can help you increase bone density, making it easier to correct your deformity.

6. Increase in Vitamin D

There is a growing trend to avoid direct sunlight to prevent skin cancer. People are recommended to use a fake spray tanning agent to get a healthy-looking glow. Even though you may get the needed tan, you will avoid the sun and not get its free benefits.

Sun exposure is essential if you’re trying to improve pectus excavatum by building more muscle, recovering better via better sleep, and helping you deal with anxiety.

Problem with Spray Tanning

However, the bigger problem is that spray tanning can stop your skin’s ability to produce Vitamin D. Scientists discovered that spray tanning agents containing DHA could cause this problem.

According to the University of Missouri, signs of lacking vitamin D rickets include soft bones, pectus excavatum, and pectus carinatum. 

Vitamin D is also popular as the sunshine vitamin. According to a study published in 2012, about 50% of people around the globe have insufficient levels of vitamin D. This is caused by a lack of outdoor activities such as hiking lowering direct sunlight exposure.

Vitamind D and Muscle Building

Studies have shown that vitamin D is linked with increased muscular strength, especially in those who lack vitamin D.

Also, vitamin D directly affects sleep regulation and can help you sleep better at night, helping you recover faster from your workouts when you’re trying to build muscle to make your pectus excavatum deformity less noticeable. 

7. Can Strengthen Friendships

Getting together with your friends on a hike is fantastic. You will get to see all these significant parts of nature together. Hiking together will help you spend more time together and strengthen the bond you already have.

You can look at it also as an investment in your friendship. Iron will sharpen iron. Spending a fantastic time in the fresh air, laughing and joking together, and even motivating each other on the things you struggle with is priceless.

This will help you minimize stress and make you less anxious. The sun rays will help you increase your vitamin D levels, which will significantly improve the mood of all of you. 

8. Relieves Stress and Anxiety

A study published in December 2018 wanted to discover the mental benefits of short 15-minute walks in forest regions. The study found that walking in these areas decreases depression, anxiety, hatred, exhaustion, confusion, and improved mood.

This had a more considerable positive effect on individuals with higher anxiety levels. As I mentioned, people with pectus excavatum deformity suffer from high stress, mainly due to their physical appearance dissatisfaction.

Because of this, taking a short walk in the nearby forest will help you tremendously. I practice this daily because I live close to the Vodno Mountain in Skopje, North Macedonia. I take brief, short walks in the forest, where I take off my shirt on a sunny place in the woods and meditate or read.

This morning ritual doesn’t take me more than an hour. I go home more energized and in a far better mood, feeling the natural endorphins released from my body. That is why I recommend hiking in foresty areas to every person suffering from an inverted chest. 

9. Powerful Cardiovascular Fitness

According to WebMD, hiking is a very effective cardiovascular workout. Even a small hill for pectus excavatum sufferers will raise the heart rate and burn excess calories.

On the days you’re busy and can’t get to the trail, you can load up your backpack and do short, intense power walking. Even though you might think this won’t do anything, it will take your breath out, and you will feel the burn in your calves. 

Hiking Only Once a Week Results

2015 study wanted to discover the outcome of single weekly mountain hiking on the cardiovascular system in older adults. The study lasted nine months, and the participants were required to have only one hiking session during the weekend, lasting for about three hours, with 500 meters altitude increase.

The research discovered no improvement in cardiovascular risk in the older people that participated in the study. Only older people with hypertension benefited from this. This shows that hiking only once a week isn’t enough to improve cardiovascular risks in people above 60. 

If you want to increase your cardiovascular fitness, I recommend taking more frequent but shorter hiking sessions throughout the week. Go for a hike at least two times a week to see improvement in your cardiovascular system. 

10. Improves Sleep

Hiking will make you sleepy earlier, achieve a deep sleep state throughout the night, and make you feel more energized and refreshed in the morning. 

2011 Japanese study wanted to discover the effects of forest walking on people with sleeping problems. The study revealed that forest walking improved sleep, mainly due to physical activity and mental improvements such as reducing stress and anxiety. 

This will also help you build more muscle to make the chest deformity less noticeable because better sleep quality is connected with increased muscle strength, while less sleep for the reduced power.

Conclusion

Even though hiking will not directly build muscle to make pectus excavatum less obvious, it will help mostly deal with the negative mental consequences of the deformity.

However, hiking is still a strenuous physical activity that involves the whole body. You will build amazing legs if you add hiking to your exercise arsenal.

Indirectly, hiking and power walking uphill will help you lower stress depression and make you sleep better, translating to more muscle throughout the body.

I recommend this fantastic activity to everybody that suffers from concave chest deformity.

If you have any questions, feel free to leave them in the comments below. Thank you for reading!

Article by:

Mihail Veleski

My name is Mihail Veleski. I used to suffer from the pectus excavatum deformity during my teenage years.

Leave a Comment

RELATED BLOG POSTS

FREE PECTUS EXCAVATUM E-BOOK IN YOUR INBOX

Learn everything you need to know about the pectus excavatum deformity from A-Z. See how I managed to improve my pectus excavatum deformity non-surgically.

Sign up and discover how you can improve your physical and mental wellbeing once and for all.